What is a point in the stock market? Learn all about it!

Wondering what is a point stock market? We will break it down for you and explain what exactly this term means.


by Vinicius Barbosa

Published on 09/07/2022

People talk about stocks going up and down points. But what does that mean?

Learn one more thing about investments by reading this post about stock market. Source: Freepik.

When the stock market is doing well, you’ll often hear people talk about how many points the market is up. But what is actually a point in the stock market? We’ll look over what this term means next.

The stock market is a collection of markets where investors trade stocks (pieces of ownership in businesses). It usually refers to the exchanges where stocks and other securities are bought and sold. 

The stock market can be used to measure the performance of a whole economy or particular sectors of it.

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A point in the stock market is simply a unit of measurement.

When you hear someone say that the market is up X points, they’re referring to how much it has increased in value since the last measurement. 

A point in the stock market simply refers to the change in the value of a particular stock or index.

For example, let’s say that the value of a particular stock is currently $100 per share. If the stock goes up by one point, that means it is now worth $101 per share. Similarly, if the stock goes down by one point, that means it is now worth $99 per share. 

Points are just a way of measuring changes in the value of stocks and other securities. When people talk about how many points the market is up or down, they’re simply referring to how much overall value has been gained or lost within a given period of time.

How to determine a point value in the stock market?

checking poinst in stock market
How much is a point worth in the stock market? Source: Freepik.

Points are determined by multiplying the price of a stock by the number of shares outstanding

For example, if Company XYZ has a stock price of $10 and there are 1,000 shares outstanding, then each point is worth $10,000. 

When you hear traders or analysts talking about a “point move,” they are simply referring to the change in the value of a stock, expressed in points. If Company XYZ’s stock price increases from $10 to $11, then it has experienced a one-point move.

Now, what those points actually represent can vary. The most common way to measure stock market performance is by using an index like the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA). 

This index tracks the stock prices of 30 large publicly traded companies and provides a good snapshot of how the overall market is doing. 

However, there are other ways to measure the stock market. For example, the S&P 500 is another popular index that tracks 500 different companies.

So, when people talk about how many points the market is up, they could be referring to either the DJIA or the S&P 500. 

In any case, a point in the stock market is just a way of measuring how much it has increased or decreased in value.

When the market is up, that means stocks have gone up in value, and when the market is down, that means stocks have lost some of their value. 

Points are not percentages

Even though there is some confusion between the two. In the stock market, percentage changes are based on the price of a stock, while points are based on the number of shares. 

For example, if a stock goes up by 10%, that means the price of each share has increased by 10%. If the same stock goes up by 10 points, that means the total number of shares has increased by 10%. 

While points and percentages are a way to measure different things, they are both important in the stock market.

Points are measures that indicate changes in the value of a stock, while percentages are measures that show changes in the price of a stock.

Points can help investors make informed decisions about their investments

checking points in stock market
Keep informed about the stock market. Source: Freepik.

They are simply a way to track the performance of stocks so that investors can buy and sell them accordingly. 

Rather than having to track the price of individual stocks, you can simply invest in points and know that your investment will increase or decrease in value based on the performance of the overall stock market.

By tracking the performance of specific companies, investors can get a better sense of which industries are doing well and which ones are struggling.

When the stock market is doing well, stocks will generally go up in points, and when the market is struggling, stocks will typically go down in points.

By paying attention to the points of various stocks, investors can make informed decisions about what to buy and sell.

Changes in the stock market usually happen by a variety of factors, such as economic news, company earnings reports, or political events.

But at the end of the day, a point is just a way of keeping track of those changes.

So, what is a point in the stock market? 

A point in the stock market is the smallest unit of change for a given stock. It’s a measure to track fluctuations in the value of stocks.

By keeping track of them, it is possible to know when the market is doing well or not. Keep an eye on points, and you’ll be one step ahead in your trading career. 

Now that you have a clear understanding of what it is, how about starting investing? 

If you want to learn more, check out the following content, with a list of the best investing books, and become a master at investing in the stock market. 

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About the author

Vinicius Barbosa

Vinicius Barbosa is a writer of finance-related content on this portal. Graduated in Social Communication, he writes about everything that involves the world of finances, from credit card recommendations to investment tips, for readers who want to make better decisions when it comes time to spend their money or invest wisely.

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